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International Air Travel — México


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Contents


Notes


Most travelers reach México by air, unless they're living or traveling near the US-México border and visiting northern México. Traveling overland by car or bus from the US can take days, if the final destination is deep in southern México, and it won't save much money either.

Airfare


The trick to saving money on airfare is to travel during the off seasons, to hunt for bargains from different sources, and to not be afraid to ask for student and senior discounts.

Airfares to tourist destinations in México go up during the high seasons — winter holidays, around Christmas and New Year; Easter holiday, from late March until early April; and summer months, from mid-June until early September. And, depending on the destination, there may be a slight increase in airfare on weekends and Fridays. Non-tourist destinations — such as México City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey — show little, if any, seasonal fluctuation in airfares.

In general, booking tickets well in advance (21+ days) and having fixed dates save on airfare; this is especially true, during the high seasons. Booking a round-trip ticket is always going to be cheaper than putting a trip together with two or more one-way flights (open-jaw ticket), unless it's done with an airpass or a round-the-world ticket.

Travel Search Websites


Before the advent of the internet, most travelers would consult a trusted travel agent, scour the travel section of their Sunday newspapers for discount ads, or call airlines, hotels, car rental companies, and other travel companies direct for price quotes. These are all still useful ways of searching for bargains. In recent years, however, with the proliferation of consolidator and discount travel agent websites, finding discounts has been vastly simplified — although, ironically, because of the sheer number of options available, at times, it can seem overwhelming. Still, time spent searching will be worth the effort. Besides, we're here to help you cut through the din.

For bargain hunters, travel search websites, such as www.expedia.com and www.travelocity.com, acting as consolidators, are often the quickest way to find the best deals available and to understand flight routing options. As an internet only service, consolidator websites undercut traditional brick-and-mortar travel agents by reaching a large online customer base and by finding, within seconds, the best deals available from airline and other travel databases. Different sites have different niches: some do wide searches across many travel databases; others buy unsold tickets in bulk and resell them at discounted prices or negotiate special rates with airlines; and still others specialize in finding the best deals in specific countries, regions, or types of travel.

Many discount travel agents offer cheap flights during peak travel times by contracting charter flights with airlines. Because the flights are chartered, they occur less frequently than regularly scheduled flights and travel dates are always fixed. Since travel agents cut deals with hotels as well, they're also a good place to bargain hunt for cheap all-inclusive package deals, especially at the last minute. They are, however, not without their problems. Be sure to review contracts carefully and be on the lookout for any tricks and traps. Some common complaints have been that flights have been canceled at the last minute and refunds can be difficult to collect. Also, check-in, boarding, and baggage claim often take longer because these flights are not regularly scheduled. That said, they often beat other discount sources for the best prices.

Do not automatically assume consolidator website and discount travel agent prices are always the lowest available; compare their quotes against the prices offered directly from the airlines' websites. Occasionally, the airlines will be lower.

Many international non-stop flights do not fly every day, so try different departure and returns dates. For instance, Continental flies non-stop from Houston to the city of Oaxaca 3 or 4 days a week, depending on the season. Shifting the departure and/or return date by a day or two could spare an extra connection in México City.

In addition to the websites listed here, check Spanish-language newspapers, magazines, and websites serving Mexican communities in other countries, especially the US.

www.expedia.com Measured in revenue, Expedia is the largest travel search website in the world. Its search engine checks hundreds of airline databases around the world for the best deals. Even though Expedia is US-based, it also has localized websites in sixteen countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK, and México.
www.travelocity.com Next in size, Travelocity also searches hundreds of airline databases around the world for discounts. Unlike Expedia, which only allows flexible dates searches for flights in the US and Canada, Travelocity allows flexible date searches for international flights. Needless to say, flexible date searches are extremely helpful when looking for discount deals and minimizing the number of connections involved in international flights. Also US-based, it has localized websites in 26 countries, including Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, UK, and México.
www.hotwire.com Owned by Expedia, Hotwire checks airline databases around the world for discounts. It's hit-or-miss, but sometimes it does return better deals than its competitors.
www.orbitz.com Orbitz searches hundreds of airline databases around the world for discounts. Like Hotwire, it sometimes beats the competition for lowest fares.
www.kayak.com Kayak is a consolidator of consolidators that checks most major travel search websites and consolidates and displays the results for the user in a single portal.
ww.zuji.com Owned by Travelocity, Zuji focuses on discounts flights to, from, and, in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.
www.lastminute.com Owned by Travelocity, Last Minute, as its name implies, focuses on finding flights on short notice.
www.cheaptickets.com Owned by Orbitz, Cheap Tickets focuses on returning the lowest fares available.
www.ebookers.com Owned by Orbitz, Ebookers is an online discount travel agency that focuses on discount fares and vacation packages to, from, and in Europe.
www.priceline.com Priceline is unique in that it allows users to bid on flights and other travels services. Service providers can then either accept or decline the bids. Bidders beware, once accepted, the sale is final.
www.lowestfare.com Owned by Orbitz, Lowest Fare, as its name implies, focuses on returning the lowest fares available.
www.cheapflights.com Cheapflights has a number of country-focused websites (US, Canada, UK/Ireland, and Australia/New Zealand) that run price comparisons between other consolidators and affiliate discount travel agents. Not all offers can be booked online. Some of the extremely discounted deals listed can only be booked over the phone.
www.travelsupermarket.com Based in the UK, Travel Supermarket checks most major discount travel search websites and consolidates and displays the results for the user in a single portal.
www.opodo.co.uk Based in the UK, Opodo is an online discount travel agency that focuses on discount fares and vacation packages to, from, and in Europe.
www.skyscanner.com Based in the UK, Skyscanner checks most major discount travel search and airline websites and consolidates and displays the results for the user in a single portal.
www.bestfares.com Based in the US, Best Fares is an online discount travel agency that focuses on discount fares and vacation packages to, from, and in the US.
www.flights.com Flights checks most major discount travel search and airline websites and consolidates and displays the results for the user in a single portal.
www.onetravel.com One Travel checks most major discount travel search and airline websites and consolidates and displays the results for the user in a single portal.


Student Discount Travel Agencies


Several travel agencies specialize in discount flights, specials, tours, rail passes, accommodations, vacation packages, and tours for students and young adults. They're also a good place to buy travel insurance and international student ID cards. Don't automatically assume their prices are the lowest available; always compare their quotes against the prices available from the discount travel search and airline websites.

www.statravel.com With over 450 branches, STA Travel is the largest student travel agency in the world. In the US call 1-800-781-4040 toll-free, in the UK call 0871 230 0040. Check website for local contact information.
www.travelcuts.com Travel Cuts has offices in Canada and the US, along with student and youth travel affiliates and partners worldwide. In Canada call 1-866-246-9762 toll-free, in the US call 1-800-592-2887 toll-free. Check website for local contact information.
www.usit.ie USIT has offices across the Republic of Ireland, an office in Belfast (Call Center number 01 602 1906), and an office in Sydney, Australia (1 800 092 499). Check website for local contact information.
www.studentuniverse.com Student Universe is a discount travel website that searches dozens of major airlines for student, teacher, and young adult discounts. To receive discount fares, passengers will need to verify their status as a student/teacher or their age (18-25).


For more information, read the article "Student Travelers."

Round-the-World/Airpass


Patching together a trip that covers a large region or circles the globe with one-way tickets, each purchased separately, is going to be expensive. For frugal travelers, low-cost carriers are cheaper, but the routing possibilities are limited and there is little flexibility in scheduling. Moreover, they're volatile: their routes change frequently and they've been known to go bankrupt on short notice, leaving ticket holders hanging.

Round-the-world (RTW) tickets let travelers fly around the world and airpasses let travelers fly within a region or country at a steep discount. If México is one stop on a longer journey, these tickets could save money.

Since extensive coverage for most airlines is limited to a country or a region, RTW tickets and airpasses are usually offered through alliances of airlines and specialist travel agents who piece together discount one-way tickets with many different airlines through their in-house contacts.

Because nothing is free, these tickets come with restrictions, as as you might expect, With alliances, RTW destinations usually must be chosen upfront, although dates are flexible. Flexibility, however, goes both ways: on flights that are getting full, airlines can limit or bump ticket holders at their discretion. This can make getting desired flights difficult, especially on busy routes or during the high seasons. Generally, ticket holders must end their trips in the same country they began in; travel must be in one direction, either east or west; and certain kinds of backtracking, such as between continents and across oceans, is not allowed. Tickets cost in the range of US$1200-5000, depending on the class of service, the number of miles flown (usually between 26,000 and 40,000), and the number of continents touched down on. Most alliances have frequent flier programs that ticket holders can participate in.

The terminology and geography differs, but airpasses offered by alliances and travel agents usually restricts travel to a country, a specific set of continents, or a region. Sometimes airlines or partnerships of two airlines offer airpasses. Their coverage, however, is usually limited to the countries or regions the airlines cover.

Unlike in most places, for domestic flights in México, airlines charge by the one-way ticket. This eliminates the discount passengers usually get for booking round-trip tickets. Obviously, it depends on the specifics of a trip, but it might be cheaper and more convenient to book flights when traveling in México than it would be to try and organize them beforehand on a RTW ticket or an airpass.

That said, depending on an individual traveler's itinerary and flexibility, some RTW tickets and airpasses are flexible enough and have sufficient domestic coverage within México to warrant consideration.

www.oneworld.com Oneworld is an 11-member alliance of airlines (including Mexicana) that offers several miles-based and continent-based RTW tickets, as well as single- and multi-continent fares. Its world-wide coverage is excellent with over 700 airport destinations in almost 150 countries. Mexicana's membership in the alliance makes available 37 destinations in México that can be flown to domestically and some internationally. In addition to its RTW tickets, the multi-continent Circle Atlantic and the México and Central America fares both have coverage in México. The website is well developed with airline members' contact information, a graphical itinerary planning tool, and booking functionality.
www.skyteam.com SkyTeam is a 9-member alliance of airlines (including Aeroméxico) that offers several miles-based RTW tickets, as well as single-continent and country fares. Its world-wide coverage is excellent with over 856 airport destinations in almost 169 countries. Aeroméxico's membership in the alliance makes available 42 destinations in México that can be flown to domestically and some internationally. In addition to its RTW tickets, the America and México Passes both have coverage in México. The website is well developed with airline members' contact information and a graphical itinerary planning tool.
Mexipass Mexicana and Aeroméxico cooperatively offer this airpass for their domestic flights in México. It can be purchased outside of México through both companies' sales offices (check their websites www.mexicana.com and www.aeromexico.com for contact information) or through a cooperating travel agent.
www.staralliance.com The 27-member Star Alliance offers miles-based RTW tickets as well as several different circle and regional fares. Its world-wide coverage is the best of all the major airline alliances with 1167 airport destinations in 181 countries (31 in México). In addition to its RTW tickets, the North America Airpass has good coverage for international flights to México. The Circle Pacific fare, however, doesn't really circle the Pacific; its only stops in the Americas are on the west coasts of the US and Canada. Because there are no Méxican airlines in this alliance, it doesn't have any coverage for domestic flights within México. The website is well developed with airline members' contact information, a graphical itinerary planning tool, and booking functionality.
www.allairpass.com Hahn Air, German-based travel agency, offers regional airpasses with coverage in India, Asia, and the Americas. Its All America Airpass covers all of the US, México, Central America, Caribbean, and South America. Mexicana and Aeromar's participation give this airpass substantial coverage within México. Unfortunately, it cannot be purchased in any of the countries it covers. Check website for country-by-country contact information.
www.airtreks.com Airtreks, a San Francisco-based travel agency, specializes in RTW and international multi-stop trips. Its website has an excellent graphical tool, TripPlanner, which is a good resource for constructing and pricing itineraries to hundreds of destinations around the world. To maximize value, TripPlanner, suggests similar, more extensive trips in the same price range. In the US call toll-free 1-877-247-8735, from outside the US call 1-415-977-7100.
www.travel-nation.co.uk Travel Nation, a UK-based travel agency, specializes in RTW trips and adventure tours. In the UK call 01273 320 580, from outside the UK call +44 1273 320 580.
www.roundtheworldflights.com Round the World Flights, a UK-based travel agency, specializes in RTW trips. In the UK call 020 7704 5700, in the Republic or Ireland call 0818 332928, and from everywhere else outside the UK call +44 020 7704 5700.


Flying From


Most international passengers fly to either México City or Cancún and make connections from there, unless they're visiting one of these cities. The exception is US passengers, who have many more destinations available for non-stop flights. By far, the largest domestic carriers in México are Mexicana and Aeroméxico. Both companies have service agreements with international carriers that fly to México. Upon arrival, most international passengers transfer to one of these airlines, before going on to their final destinations.

The México City airport is the country's primary hub and has become a bottleneck for air traffic in México. The airport in Toluca, located about 30 miles (50km) west of México City, with many connections throughout México, is emerging as an alternative hub to the busy México City airport for domestic and international flights, and thus — along with a few of the other smaller, mostly regional hubs in the country, such as Cancún, Guadalajara, and Monterrey — has begun to alleviate some of the bottleneck.

In this guide, when specific routes are mentioned, except where specified otherwise, they are non-stop. When non-stop flights are not availale, direct (plane stops, but passengers do not disembark) or single-stop flights are mentioned, especially from Europe and Asia.

Routes and schedules change often. Always check airlines' websites for the current information.

US


Because of the large volume of traffic and close proximity between the two countries, US travelers have by far the most routes and carriers to chose from. Indeed, there are non-stop flights from almost every major airport in the US (and even some smaller regional ones) to many major cities and resorts in México. For destinations without non-stop service, feeder flights and connections through US or Méxican hubs (or both) are available.

The cheapest fares are usually non-stop flights from southern US hubs such as Los Angeles, Phoenix, Dallas, Houston, and Miami to major cities and resorts in México, although low-cost fares can often be found in other major US airports such as Chicago, New York, Denver, Boston, Cleveland, De­troit, Minneapolis, and Seattle, especially with charter flights during high seasons.

The number of airlines with non-stop flights from the US to México is too numerous to list here. That said, Continental probably has the best non-stop coverage of any carrier from the US from its hub in Houston. Next in coverage is American Airlines from its hub in Dallas. Also worth mentioning are Mexicana and Aeroméxico; both have extensive coverage from the US. Other carriers with significant numbers of non-stop flights are Alaska Airlines, Delta, Frontier, Interjet, Spirit, Sun Country, US Airways, VivaAerobus, and Volaris.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the travel search websites such as www.expedia.com and www.travelocity.com.

Domestics flights in México are usually much cheaper than international flights from the US, including those to the interior and far south from border cities such as Ciudad Juárez and Tijuana. Méxican airports near the border offer an opportunity for low-cost flights to the country's interior for anyone living or traveling near them. For more information, read the article "Domestic Air Travel."

As of June 1, 2009, passports are mandatory for re-entry into the US by air from México. For more information on exit and entry requirements, read the article "Passports, Visas, & Tourist Cards."

Canada


Although not as often as from the US, there are still many non-stop flights from Canada to México, mostly to México City, Cancún, and other major beach resorts. For destinations without non-stop service, feeder flights and connections through Canadian or US hubs (or both) or México City are necessary.

Even though it makes for longer trip, connecting through a US hub with a low-cost carrier can sometimes save up to half the price of a non-stop flight — good news for frugal Canadian travelers. (For more information on getting to México from the US, read the article "Flying from the US.")

Canadian low-cost carrier WestJet probably has the best non-stop flight coverage to México, mostly to the coastal resorts, especially during the high seasons, when it adds additional flights and charters. It does not, however, fly non-stop to México City.

Air Canada has numerous non-stop flights to México: Toronto to México City, Cancún, Cozumel, Los Cabos, Puerto Vallarta, and Ixtapa/Zihuantanejo; Montreal to México City, Cancún, and Puerto Vallarta; Vancouver to Cancún, Los Cabos, Puerto Vallarta, and Ixtapa/Zihuantanejo; Calgary to Cancún, Los Cabos, Puerto Vallarta, and Ixtapa/Zihuantanejo; and Edmonton, Winnipeg, Ottawa, and Halifax to Cancún.

Mexicana has a few non-stop flights to México City from Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, and Montreal.

Lastly, Japan Airlines has a direct flight from Tokyo to México City via Vancouver.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the Canada-focused travel search websites such as www.expedia.ca or www.travelocity.ca.

UK & Ireland


The only scheduled non-stop flights from the UK (there are none from Ireland) are from London to México City with Mexicana (Gatwick) and British Airways (Heathrow). Flying from anywhere else in UK or Ireland or to destinations in México other than México City will involve making connections in London, somewhere else in Europe, or in the US.

The quickest and cheapest hubs for connecting through the US are Atlanta, Houston, Miami, and New York. Continental has the most non-stop flights to México from the US; next is American Airlines. Also worth mentioning are Mexicana and Aeroméxico; both have extensive coverage from the US. (For more information on getting to México from the US, read the article "Flying from the US.")

Paris, Madrid, and Frankfurt are all good hubs for non-stop flights to México City: from Madrid try Aeroméxico, Air Europa, Iberia, and Mexicana; from Paris try Aeroméxico and Air France; and from Frankfurt try Lufthansa. Air Berlin flies non-stop to Cancún from numerous locations throughout Europe.

There are frequent charter flights from London, Birmingham, Gatwick, Glasgow, and Manchester to Cancún. Check with local travel agents for flight and vacation packages.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the UK-, Ireland-, and Europe-focused travel search websites such as www.expedia.co.uk, www.travelocity.co.uk, www.opodo.com, and www.ebookers.com.

Australia


There are no non-stop flights from Australia to México. The cheapest single-stop routes usually connect through Los Angeles: from Sydney try Continental, Delta, Qantas, and United; from Melbourne try American Airlines, Qantas, and United; and from Brisbane try American Airlines and Qantas. From Los Angeles, many airlines connect to numerous destinations in México. (For more information on getting to México from the US, read the article "Flying from the US.")

Alternate routes run through South America. From Sydney, LAN and Qantas both fly non-stop to Buenos Aires. (For more information on getting to México from Latin America, read the article "Flying from Latin America.")

Even though there doesn't seem to be much variation in prices, the peak travel times from the southern hemisphere to México are the summer months of June and July and the winter months of December and January.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the Australia-focused travel search websites such as www.zuji.com.au (owned by Travelocity) and www.expedia.com.au.

New Zealand


There are no non-stop flights from New Zealand to México. Just like from Australia, the cheapest single-stop routes usually connect through Los Angeles: from Auckland try American Airlines, Air New Zealand, Continental, Delta, Qantas, and United. From Los Angeles, many airlines connect to numerous destinations in México. (For more information on getting to México from the US, read the article "Flying from the US.")

Alternate routes run through South America. From Auckland, LAN and Qantas both fly non-stop to Santiago and Aerolíneas Argentinas flies non-stop to Buenos Aires. (For more information on getting to México from Latin America, read the article "Flying from Latin America.")

Even though there doesn't seem to be much variation in prices, the peak travel times from the southern hemisphere to México are the summer months of June and July and the winter months of December and January.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the New Zealand-focused travel search websites such as www.travelocity.co.nz and www.expedia.co.nz.

South Africa


There are no non-stop flights from South Africa to México. The straightest line — although not the cheapest — is to fly South African Airways non-stop from Johannesburg to São Paulo and then connect with Aeroméxico non-stop to México City.

An alternate route through the US is to fly Delta non-stop from Johannesburg to Atlanta. From Atlanta, many airlines connect to numerous destinations in México. (For more information on getting to México from the US, read the article "Flying from the US.")

And via Europe, Air France, British Airways, Iberia, Lufthansa, and South African Airways fly non-stop from Johannesburg and Capetown to European hubs, with non-stop connections available to México City and US hubs.

Even though there doesn't seem to be much variation in prices, the peak travel times from the southern hemisphere to México are the summer months of June and July and the winter months of December and January.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the travel search websites such as www.travelocity.com and www.expedia.com.

Latin America


There are non-stop flights from many major cities and capitals in Latin America to México City, as well as few to Cancún.

México's two largest domestic carriers — Mexicana and Aeroméxico — have good coverage throughout Latin America: Mexicana flies non-stop from Buenos Aires, São Paulo, Bogotá, Caracas, San José, Panama City, San Salvador, Guatemala City, and Havana to México City and non-stop from Bogotá and San José to Cancún; Aeroméxico flies non-stop from Buenos Aires, Santiago, São Paulo, Lima, Bogotá, and San José to México City.

In addition to Mexicana and Aeroméxico, try Avianca from Bogotá, Copa from Panama City, TACA from San Salvador, Gol from São Paulo, and Cubana from Havana.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the travel search websites such as www.travelocity.com and www.expedia.com.

Asia


To our knowledge, the only non-stop flights from Asia to México are Aeroméxico's from Tokyo and Shanghai to México City. Although not non-stop, Japan Airlines has a direct flight from Tokyo to México City that stops briefly in Vancouver.

Otherwise, from Asia, just like from Australia and New Zealand, the cheapest single-stop routes usually connect through west coast cities in the US and Canada. From there, many airlines connect to numerous destinations in México. (For more information on getting to México from the US and Canada, read the articles "Flying from the US" and "Flying from Canada.")

From western Asia, going west, via Europe, is an option.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the travel search websites such as www.expedia.com and www.zuji.com (a Travelocity owned site that focuses on travel to, from, and in Asia).

Israel


There are no non-stop flights from Israel to México. The cheapest and quickest single-stop routes are from Tel Aviv to European hubs with connections to México City. Air France, British Airways, El Al, Iberia, and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines offer these routes. An alternative route is to fly non-stop from Tel Aviv to either New York or Newark and connect from there to México City. Continental, Delta, and El Al offer routes through one of these airports.

A quick way to figure out carrier, route, and fare options is to check a few of the travel search websites such as www.travelocity.com and www.expedia.com.

Airports


México City receives by far the most international non-stop flights of any airport in the country; second most is the beach resort Cancún. Most non-stop international flights originate from the US, followed by Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Asia. Almost all non-stop flights from Latin America, Europe, and Asia are to México City, as well as a few to Cancún.

International Airport State Code Website Phone
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Acapulco Guerrero ACA www.oma.bz 744-435-2060
x Agualeguas Nuevo León
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Aguascalientes Aguascalientes AGU www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 449-918-2806
x Alamos Sonora XAL
x Apatzingán Michoacán AZG
x Atizapán de Zaragoza Mexico JJC
x Campeche Campeche CPE www.asa.gob.mx
x Cananea Sonora CNA
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Cancún Quintana Roo CUN www.cancun-airport.com 998-848-7200
x Cedros Island Baja California CDI
x Celaya Guanajuato CYW
x Chetumal Quintana Roo CTM www.asa.gob.mx
x Chichen Itza Yucatán CZA
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Chihuahua Chihuahua CUU www.oma.bz 614-420-5104
x Chilpancingo Guerrero
x Ciudad Acuña Coahuila ACN
x Ciudad Constitución Baja California Sur CUA
x Ciudad del Carmen Campeche CME www.asa.gob.mx
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Ciudad Juárez Chihuahua CJS www.oma.bz 656-611-3174
x Ciudad Mante Tamaulipas MMC
x Ciudad Obregón Sonora CEN www.asa.gob.mx
x Ciudad Victoria Tamaulipas CVM www.asa.gob.mx
x Colima Colima CLQ www.asa.gob.mx
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Cozumel Quintana Roo CZM www.asur.com.mx 987-872-2081
x Cuernavaca Morelos CVJ www.asa.gob.mx
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Culiacán Sinaloa CUL www.oma.bz 667-760-0670
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Durango Durango DGO www.oma.bz 618-817-8898
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Guadalajara Jalisco GDL www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 33-3688-5248
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Guanajuato Guanajuato BJX www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 472-748-2120
x Guasave Sinaloa
x Guaymas Sonora GYM www.asa.gob.mx
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Guaymas Sonora GYM www.asa.gob.mx 622-221-3442
x Guerrero Negro Baja California Sur GUB
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Hermosillo Sonora HMO www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 662-261-0000
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Huatulco Oaxaca HUX www.asur.com.mx 958-581-9004
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Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo Guerrero ZIH www.oma.bz 755-554-2070
x Lagos de Moreno Jalisco LOM
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La Paz Baja California Sur LAP www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 612- 124-6307
x Lázaro Cárdenas Michoacán LZC
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Loreto Baja California Sur LTO www.asa.gob.mx 613-135-0499
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Los Cabos Baja California Sur SJD www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 624-146-5111
x Los Mochis Sinaloa LMM www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 668- 818-6870
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Manzanillo Colima ZLO www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 314-333-1119
x Matamoros Tamaulipas MAM www.asa.gob.mx
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Mazatlán Sinaloa MZT www.oma.bz 669-982-2399
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Mérida Yucatán MID www.asur.com.mx 999-946-1530
x Mexicali Baja California MXL www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 686-552-2317
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México City Distrito Federal MEX www.aicm.com.mx 55-2482-2424
x Minatitlán Veracruz MTT www.asur.com.mx 921-278-0064
x Monclova Coahuila LOV
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Monterrey 2 Nuevo León MTY www.oma.bz 81-8288-7700
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Monterrey (Del Norte) 3 Nuevo León NTR www.adelnorte.com.mx 81-8030-9090
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Morelia Michoacán MLM www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 443-313-6780
x Mulegé Baja California Sur MUG
x Navojoa Sonora
x Nogales Sonora NOG www.asa.gob.mx
x Nuevo Casas Grandes Chihuahua NCG
x Nuevo Laredo Tamaulipas NLD www.asa.gob.mx
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Oaxaca Oaxaca OAX www.asur.com.mx 951-511-50-88
x Pachuca Hidalgo
x Palenque Chiapas PQM www.asa.gob.mx
x Piedras Negras Coahuila PDS
x Playa del Carmen Quintana Roo PCM
x Poza Rica Veracruz PAZ www.asa.gob.mx
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Puebla Puebla PBC www.aeropuertopuebla.com 227-102-5080
x Puerto Escondido Oaxaca PXM www.asa.gob.mx 954-582-0491
x Puerto Peñasco Sonora PPE
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Puerto Vallarta Jalisco PVR www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 322-221-1298
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Querétaro Querétaro QRO www.aiq.com.mx 442-192-5500
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Reynosa Tamaulipas REX www.oma.bz 899-958-0563
x Saltillo Coahuila SLW
x San Cristóbal de las Casas Chiapas SZT www.asa.gob.mx
x San Felipe Baja California SFH
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San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí SLP www.oma.bz 444-822.2119
x San Luis Río Colorado Sonora UAC
x Santa Rosalía Baja California Sur PVP
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Tampico Tamaulipas TAM www.oma.bz 833-228-0571
x Tamuín San Luis Potosí TSL www.asa.gob.mx
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Tapachula Chiapas TAP www.asur.com.mx 962-626-4189
x Tehuacán Puebla TCN www.asa.gob.mx
x Tepic Nayarit TPQ www.asa.gob.mx
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Tijuana Baja California TIJ www.aeropuertosgap.com.mx 664-607-8200
x Tizimín Yucatán TZM
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Torreón Coahuila TRC www.oma.bz 871-716-6393
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Toluca 1 México TLC www.aeropuertointernacionaldetoluca.com 722-273-1544
x Tuxpan Jalisco TUX
x Tuxtla Gutiérrez Chiapas TGZ
x Uruapan Michoacán UPN www.asa.gob.mx
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Veracruz Veracruz VER www.asur.com.mx 229-934-9008
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Villahermosa Tabasco VSA www.asur.com.mx 993-356-0157
x Xalapa Veracruz JAL
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Zacatecas Zacatecas ZCL www.oma.bz 478-985-0338
x Zamora Michoacán ZMM


1 Toluca, located about 30 miles (50km) west of México City, is the capital of the state of México.
2,3 Monterrey has two airports — General Mariano Escobedo and Del Norte. General Mariano Escobedo is the city's main airport and most international flights arrive and depart there.


Airlines


All these carriers have non-stop flights to México or to US, Canadian, European, Asia, or South American hubs with non-stop flights to México.

Airline Hub Website Phone
Aer Lingus Dublin (DUB) www.aerlingus.com Ireland 0818 365 000, N. Ireland 0871 718 5000
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires (EZE) www.aerolineas.com Australia 2-9234-9000, New Zealand 9-379-3675, Argentina 0810-222-86527.
Aeromar México City (MEX) www.aeromar.com.mx México toll-free 01-800-237-6627.
Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect México City (MEX), Guadalajara (GDL), Monterrey (MTY) 2 www.aeromexico.com México toll-free 01-800-021-4000, US & Canada toll-free 1-800-237-6639, Argentina (11) 5648-2205, Brazil (11) 3253-3888, Chile (2) 390 1000, China (21) 5102 9678, Columbia (1) 612-0678, Costa Rica 257 5745, France 01 5504 9010, Japan (3) 34563530, Peru (1) 243 6818, Spain 91 548 9810.
Air Berlin Berlin (TXL), Düsseldorf (DUS) www.airberlin.com Germany 01 805 737 800, UK 0871 5000 737, US toll-free 866 266 5588.
Air Canada Toronto (YYZ) www.aircanada.com Canada & US toll-free 1-888-247-2262, México toll-free 01-800-719-2827.
Air Europa Madrid (MAD) www.aireuropa.com UK 0871 423 0717, Spain 902 401 501.
Air France Paris (CDG) www.airfrance.com UK 0871 66 33 777, Ireland 01 605 0383, Israel 03 755 50 57, South Africa 0861 340 340, France 9 69 39 10 30, México toll-free 01-800-123-4660.
Air New Zealand Auckland (AKL) www.airnewzealand.com New Zealand 0800 737 000, Australia 13 24 76, US toll-free 1-800-262-1234
Alaska Airlines Seattle (SEA) www.alaskaair.com US toll-free 1-800-252-7522, México toll-free 01-800-252-7522.
American Airlines Dallas (DFW) www.aa.com US & Canada toll-free 1-800-433-7300, UK 0844 499 7300, Ireland 01 602 0550, Australia 7 3329-6060, New Zealand 9912-8814, México toll-free 01-800-904-6000.
Avianca Bogotá (BOG) www.avianca.com Columbia 01 8000 914 600, México toll-free 01-800-123-3120.
British Airways London (LHR) www.ba.com UK 0844 493 0 787, Ireland 1890 626 747, US toll-free 1-800-247-9297, South Africa 11 441 8600, Israel 3 606 1555, México toll-free 01-866-835-4133.
Continental Houston (IAH) www.continental.com US & Canada toll-free 800-523-3273, UK 0845 607 6760, Ireland 1890 925 252, Australia toll-free 1300 737 640, New Zealand 9 308 3350, México toll-free 01-800-900-5000 .
Copa Airlines Panama City (PTY) www.copaair.com Panama 507-217-2672, México toll-free 01-800-265-2672.
Cubana Havana (HAV) www.cubana.cu Cuba 7-834-4446, México City 55-5250-6355, Cancún 998-887-7210.
Delta Atlanta (ATL) www.delta.com US & Canada 800-221-1212, UK 0845-600-0950, Ireland 1850-882031, Australia 1-800-144917, New Zealand 09-977-2232, South Africa 11 482 4582, Israel 3-513-8000, México toll-free 01-800-123-4710 .
Gol São Paulo (GRU) www.voegol.com Brazil 0800 704 0465.
Frontier Airlines Denver (DEN) www.frontierairlines.com US toll-free 800-432-1359.
Iberia Madrid (MAD) www.iberia.com Spain 902 400 500, UK 0870 609 0500, Ireland 0818 46 2000, South Africa 011 8849255, México 55-1101-1515.
Interjet Toluca (TLC) 1, México City (MEX) www.interjet.com.mx México toll-free 01-800-011-2345.
Japan Air Lines (JAL) Tokyo (NRT) www.jal.com Japan 0570-025-031, Canada & US 800-525-3663, México toll-free 01-800-681-9230.
KLM Amsterdam (AMS) www.klm.com Amsterdam (0) 20 474 7747, México toll-free 01-800-907-4700
LAN Santiago (SCL) www.lan.com Chile 600 526 2000, Australia 1 800 558 129, New Zealand 09-308 3352, México toll-free 01-800-123-1619.
Lufthansa Frankfurt (FRA) www.lufthansa.com UK 0871 945 9747, Ireland 01 844 5544, South Africa 0861 842 538, Germany 01 805 805 805, México 55-5230-0000.
Mexicana, MexicanaClick, MexicanaLink México City (MEX), Cancún (CUN), Guadalajara (GDL) www.mexicana.com México toll-free 01-800-801-2010, US & Canada toll-free 1-800-353-8245, UK 08 08 10 17 600, in Ireland call London +44 0207 808 7160, Spain 900 975 226, Argentina 11-4136-4136, Brazil 11-3123-1800, Columbia 1-215-2626, Costa Rica (506) 2295-6969, Cuba 7-833-3532, El Salvador 2-252-9999, Guatemala 2333 6001, Panama 264-98-55, Venezuela 212-285-3118.
Qantas Sydney (SYD) www.qantas.com Australia 13 13 13, New Zealand 0800 808 767, US toll-free 1-800-227-4500, Argentina 11 4114 5800.
Ryanair Dublin (DUB) www.ryanair.com Ireland 0818 303 030
South African Airways Johannesburg (JNB) www.flysaa.com South Africa 0861 359722, Brazil 0800 7711030.
Spirit Detroit (DTW), Ft. Lauderdale (FLL) www.spiritair.com US 1-800-772-7117, México 998-884-1254.
Sun Country Minneapolis (MSP) www.suncountry.com US 1-800-800-6557
TACA San Salvador (SAL) www.taca.com El Salvador 2267-8222, México toll-free 01-800-400-8222
United Chicago (ORD), Denver (DEN), Los Angeles (LAX), San Francisco (SFO), Washington D.C. (IAD). www.united.com US toll-free 1-800-864-8331, UK 0845 844 4777, Australia 131 777, México toll-free 01-800-003-0777
US Airways Charlotte (CLT), Philadelphia (PHL), Phoenix (PHX). www.usairways.com US & Canada toll-free 1-800-428-4322, UK 0845 6003300, Ireland 1890 925065.
VivaAerobus Monterrey (MTY) 2 www.vivaaerobus.com México (81) 8215-0150
Volaris Toluca (TLC) 1, Tijuana (TIJ) www.volaris.com.mx México toll-free 01-800-122-8000, US toll-free 1-866-988-3527.
WestJet Calgary (YYC), Toronto (YYZ) www.westjet.com Canada & US 1-888-937-8538, México toll-free 01-800-514-7288


1 Toluca, located about 30 miles (50km) west of México City, is the capital of the state of México.
2,3 Monterrey has two airports — General Mariano Escobedo and Del Norte. General Mariano Escobedo is the city's main airport and most international flights arrive and depart there.


Luggage


Regular suitcases and trunks work fine when visiting a resort, or maybe a single location or two, but they're too cumbersome, even when they have wheels, for the mobile traveler. Experienced travelers who plan on moving around a lot pare their luggage down until it's small enough for airline carry on. Either way, not checking luggage relieves the physical burden of excess baggage, removes the possibility of lost luggage by airlines, and avoids time-consuming check-in lines, making for a simpler trip. Their rules change, but airlines currently restrict carry on to a single bag, not to exceed 45" (114 cm) in combined length, width, and height, and one small personal item, such as a purse, shoulder bag, or small day backpack.

For the small bag, choose something that can double as a day bag. When in transit, carry all valuables and essentials in it, such as cash, travelers checks, cameras, film, memory cards, credits cards, passports, prescription drugs, and tickets, and at all times keep it within arms reach. As for the larger bag, choose something that can be stowed in the overhead bins on airplanes and easily hauled around, like a sturdy internal-frame backpack, and in it pack everything else. Bus overhead bins are often smaller than airline. In these cases, stow the larger bag in the bus cargo holds, and make sure to always get a receipt.

Anyone planning on traveling with expensive possessions should consider that the airlines' liability is limited to USD$640 per checked bag and USD$400 per person, and this, of course, only covers the flight. Homeowners' insurance often provides additional coverage up to a point for possessions and important travel documents while abroad. The article "Travel Insurance" discusses options for adding additional coverage.

Disruptions, Delays, Cancellations


Ash clouds from volcanoes, Gulf of Mexico oil spills, hurricanes and other extreme weather, airline strikes, overbooked flights, and a myriad of other events can cause travel plans to be delayed or even canceled. Think back to 2010 when the volcano erupted in Iceland, disrupting travel for millions. And the disrupting event doesn't even have to be that dramatic. A severe storm shutting down a major US hub can cause cancellations and delays in air travel for days. Without some kind of coverage, stranded passengers are left absorbing the additional costs of hotels, meals, and transportation. In terms of overbooking, always reconfirm departure and return reservations, especially during the high seasons, and, if possible, get seat assignments and boarding passes included with tickets. Also, during the high seasons, make sure to arrive early for check in to avoid being "bumped." Again, the article "Travel Insurance" discusses options for adding additional coverage.

In-flight Meals


Most airlines try hard to accommodate passengers with special dietary needs, such as lactose reduced, vegetarian, vegan, low-sodium, or low-cholesterol. At the time of booking online, either through a travel search or an airline website, most websites have a set of meal options to choose from. If booking over the phone or face-to-face, let the travel agent or airline representative know at that time. Otherwise, 24 hour notice is usually sufficient lead time for airlines to accommodate dietary requirement requests.

Global Warming

Global warming caused by human activities that release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere is settled scientific fact, and air travel is known to be a major contributor to the problem. The numbers are disheartening: one person on a round-trip flight from New York to México City produces about 0.75 tons of CO2, from London about 2.5 tons, and from Sydney about 4.5 tons. To put these numbers in perspective, the average car in the US releases about 5 tons of CO2 per year. So flying round-trip from New York to México City is equivalent to driving for 2 months in the US, London is 6 months, and Sydney is 11 months.


Nevertheless, we still regard travel, even travel that requires flying long distances, as a net benefit for everyone involved, especially socially and ecologically responsible travel. Many third world countries and communities are looking for alternative paths of development from the ones being foisted on them, and the right kind travel can support these alternative efforts. Besides, there is an option available beyond prohibition. It is possible to mitigate or even negate the impact from air travel and everyday greenhouse gas producing activities, such as driving and home energy use, by using carbon-offset schemes.

Many companies offer offset schemes that allow individuals and businesses to make up for greenhouse gases they've released by funding projects that reduce greenhouse gases by an equal amount. Calculators are usually used to figure out the amount of carbon different activities release. Offsetting measures can then be purchased to fund projects that reduce an equal amount of greenhouse gases. Hence, carbon neutrality is achieved. Projects usually include activities that promote reforestation, sustainable development, and energy reduction.

Retail Carbon-offset Companies

Unfortunately, the carbon-offset industry is not well regulated, especially in the US. There are hundreds of sites on the web that will happily take your money and claim to offset your carbon production, and yes, of course, some are scams. Hopefully, nations will begin to regulate and audit retail providers of carbon offset schemes better. That said, our research has shown the following companies to be credible and effective:

atmosfair, Germany, www.atmosfair.de
Carbon Neutral, UK, www.carbonneutral.com
Climate Care, UK, www.climatecare.org, recommended by Rough Guide and Lonely Planet.
co2balance, UK, www.co2balance.com
Native Energy, US, www.nativeenergy.com
Sustainable Travel International, US, www.sustainabletravelinternational.org
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